一地兩檢條例草案懶人包 (Info kit on the Co-location Bill)

政府近日於立法會提交《廣深港高鐵(一地兩檢)條例草案》,標誌著「三步走」的最後一步正式展開。法政匯思教你看懂條例草案如何違憲。 (The Government has recently tabled the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (Co-location) Bill in Legco. This is the last step in the "Three-Step Process" of implementing co-location. In this info kit, we set out why we think the Bill is unconstitutional.)

法政匯思就《廣深港高鐵(一地兩檢)條例草案》的陳述書 (Submission on Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (Co-location) Bill)

我們維持我們的看法——即政府提出的一地兩檢安排,將無可避免地違反基本法。(We maintain our view that the co-location arrangement will inevitably violate the Basic Law.)

《有話直說》一地兩檢硬通過?

Thank you FinTV (現代電視) for interviewing our member Chris Ng on proposed co-location arrangement: 「其實我們不是不支持起高鐵,但若真的破壞了《基本法》,會留下影響深遠的法律漏洞,當中關乎香港人日後各種權利的保障,我們要思考這樣的代價是否值得。」

法政匯思就人大常委會關於「一地兩檢」決定的聲明 (Statement on the Decision of NPCSC on the “Co-Location” Arrangement)

就全國人民代表大會常務委員會於2017年12月27日通過「一地兩檢」合作安排的決定,法政匯思有以下回應 (The Progressive Lawyers Group (“PLG”) responds as follows in relation to the decision made by the NPCSC on the “Co-Location” Arrangement on 27 December 2017).

法政匯思:大律師公會換屆改選之我見

還有不到一個月便是大律師公會執委會換屆改選的日子。雖然換屆改選每年都有一次,但按照慣例,如果主席做完一年願意連任,一般都不會有人出來競逐而會自動當選,(換句話說,主席任期變相成為兩年)。同樣地,其他執委若願意連任,一般也不會有競爭。就算有執委辭職(今年便是一個例子),是屆公會的執委會也會邀請公會會員組成新的名單,該名單最後也會自動當選的居多。

Beijing’s ‘distortion’ of Hong Kong Basic Law greatly undermines rule of law, legal experts warn

On Wednesday, China’s top legislature – the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPCSC) – approved the plan following a unanimous vote and months of controversy. Hong Kong will effectively surrender its jurisdiction across a quarter of the new West Kowloon terminus, where immigration procedures will be performed by mainland law enforcement agents. Beijing’s “distortion” of the Basic Law in justifying the Express Rail Link’s joint checkpoint arrangement has greatly undermined Hong Kong’s rule of law, legal experts have warned.

Transport chief defends transparency of co-location plan

Secretary for Transport and Housing Frank Chan Fan said the government has been doing its best to make the co-location deal between Hong Kong and mainland China as transparent as possible. He dismissed criticism that the co-location arrangement is a “black box” operation, the Hong Kong Economic Journal reports. Barrister Chris Ng Chung-luen, a spokesperson for the Progressive Lawyers Group, said Hong Kong courts might refuse to accept any challenge against the plan once it is approved and endorsed by the NPCSC, to the detriment of ”one country, two systems”.

法政匯思就有關高速鐵路香港段一地兩檢安排的陳述書 (Submission on Express Rail Link Co-Location Arrangement)

政府最近宣佈其就内地-香港高速鐵路香港段的邊境管制安排及管轄權事宜的方案。簡單而言,政府建議於西九龍站設置邊境及海關管制設施的一地兩檢安排,及内地在西九龍站若干範圍內及所有運作列車上擁有刑事管轄權。法政匯思認為該建議明顯及直接違反《基本法》的多項條款,特別是第17、18、19及22條。就政府方案如何違反《基本法》的詳細分析,詳見中文版完整陳述書。(The Government has recently announced its proposal on the border control arrangements and jurisdictional matters in relation to the Mainland-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (“XRL”). In short, the Government proposes a co-location arrangement of border and customs control facilities at West Kowloon Station and the Mainland to have criminal jurisdiction to be exercised at some areas of West Kowloon Station and on all operating trains. The Progressive Lawyers Group (“PLG”) is of the view that such proposal is in clear and direct contravention of numerous provisions of the Basic Law, in particular, Articles 17, 18, 19 and 22. For the detailed analysis of how the Government's proposal violates the Basic Law, please read further.)

對政府建議一地兩檢方案的法律問題 (FAQs on Hong Kong Government’s Co-location Proposal)

法政匯思就政府建議高鐵香港段實施一地兩檢為大家準備了常見問題解答,以供參考。(Progressive Lawyers Group has prepared a list of FAQs on the Government's proposal on co-location arrangement at the West Kowloon Terminus. Please take a look!)

【法政巴絲】不是起不起高鐵的問題

我認,高鐵嘅嘢,我真係識條鐵。 內地官員可以喺香港境內(西九)執行內地法律,點睇都唔符合「全國性法律除列於本法附件三外,不在香港特別行政區實施」(基本法第18條)喎。 政府話,解決辦法好簡單,可以由中央根據基本法第20條,授權香港租西九畀內地嚟用。但係,第20條係話「香港特別行政區可享有全國人民代表大會常務委員會及中央人民政府授予的其他權利」。究竟呢啲字眼,係可以點樣解讀成「中央授予香港政府權利⋯⋯決定基本法有啲條文,有時適用,有時唔適用」?

法政匯思:「你怕就不要坐高鐵!」

林鄭月娥指﹕「如果你咁擔心(被人拉),你咪選擇其他方法去內地囉!」,甚至不到內地 。 問題,出在「你」這個字。特首不是一人一票選出,究竟代表的是小圈子,還是七百萬人,大家心裡明白。有一群香港人擔心「一地兩檢」的安排,那就是「你」的問題,不是「我」的問題。而這個「你」,是多是少,反正都是「你」的問題。明明連反對的權利都沒有,甚至連被諮詢的機會都被消失,從2009年提出建議,事隔8年,到2017年,一下子就提出引進內地法律的「一地兩檢」方案,而且是「唯一可行方案、不存在推翻」 。

Third concern group set up on Hong Kong’s controversial border plan for China rail line; coalition insists it is legal

It is the third concern group to be set up on the issue as both sides of Hong Kong’s political divide mobilise campaigns for and against the proposal for joint immigration and customs checks in the city. Kevin Yam Kin-fung, convenor of the Progressive Lawyers Group, said the Hong Kong government’s decision to use Article 20 of the Basic Law to lease land to mainland authorities could set a dangerous precedent.

「阻住做生意」的一地兩檢

政府一地兩檢方案推出後,不少人把焦點放在能否在高鐵用社交媒體、內地人員在西九持槍、香港與內地刑法的分別。這些問題雖然搶眼,但普羅市民會說「不乘搭高鐵就可以了」或「去到羅湖都是這樣的」。建制派會說,可以討論把在西九與高鐵車廂內適用的內地法律收窄,以此把整個違反《基本法》的一地兩檢合理化。

法政匯思:「我無犯法,因為我就是皇法。」

一地兩檢之於基本法之弊,許多有識之士均作出了詳盡的解釋,在此不贅。 「方案」推出後,各界、尤其是法律界人士紛紛以基本法為基礎指出其一地兩檢「方案」如何與基本法、一國兩制背道而馳——而所謂「方案」,你我心照,根本上可算是定局,無法回頭。儘管這些日子來,那些大量分析如何合理、如何一語中的,林鄭和我們本該捍衛法治憲法的律政司司長的一句「方案符合基本法」,配以擦鞋都來不及的一眾護主黨說得振振有辭的一堆歪理、指鹿為馬,就要使一個嚴重損害香港法制的一地兩檢上馬。為了官方聲稱、那少得可憐的「便利」,就把香港的地域主權雙手奉上,這筆數如何計,無人算得懂。

民主派成立一地兩檢關注組 批政府方案誤導公眾要求撤回

「一地兩檢」關注組共有94名發起人及團體代表,包括民間人權陣線、法政匯思、香港社會工作者聯會及12間大專院校學生會。關注組成員、立法會前議員吳靄儀表示,高鐵一地兩檢方案有違《基本法》,連日來政府的解畫是「理屈詞窮」,不斷胡言亂語以租客、業主比喻,或是《基本法》第7條、第20條等作解釋。她聲言,在香港心臟地帶實施內地法例違犯《基本法》18條,故要求當局撤回方案。

一地兩檢關注組成立記者會

法政匯思成員吳宗鑾今日出席了一地兩檢關注組成立記者會。一地兩檢關注組是由多名民主派立法會議員、學者、民間團體(包括法政匯思)、多間大專院校學生會等組成。 (Progressive Lawyers Group member Chris Ng attended the Co-location Concern Group‘s inaugural press conference today. The Concern Group is set up by pro-democracy lawmakers, professionals, academics, civic organisations and student bodies.)

《城市論壇》高鐵列車要開行一地兩檢怎執行

法政匯思召集人任建峰今天出席港台節目《城市論壇》。當日論題為「高鐵列車要開行一地兩檢怎執行」,歡迎大家在此收睇。

【一地兩檢】打到斷骨無刑責 強國法律夠驚嚇!

高鐵實行一地兩檢,將來港人踏入口岸區後,雖然仍身處香港,卻須全面遵守內地法律。《蘋果》發現在中港法例差異下,日後港人隨時「中伏」,例如內地設有「未審先判」的行政拘留制度,可關押市民15天;內地法下兇徒襲擊他人導致肋骨骨折或牙齒脫落,又或小偷盜取少於1,000元,全部都不會構成刑責,最多只會被行政拘留。有香港律師認為一地兩檢造成法律混淆,市民權益或會受損。

《新聞透視》 一地兩檢

廣深港段高鐵明年通車,一地兩檢方案終於公布。西九港鐵總站將劃出一個範圍,供內地執行出入境、海關、檢疫等清關程序,內地執法人員有權執行全套內地刑事法律。方案被形容為深圳灣口岸的翻版,深圳灣口岸容許港方在內地全權執法,為何方案調轉在香港執行會引起爭議?法律上有多大機會被挑戰呢?

Why Hong Kong’s justice minister Rimsky Yuen is so sanguine about joint checkpoint for express rail link

(SCMP) Jason Y. Ng says the logic behind Rimsky Yuen’s support for immigration co-location at West Kowloon is unsound, but the justice minister’s confidence stems from knowing that Beijing always has the last word.