法政匯思就旺角衝突事件判刑之聲明 (Statement of the Progressive Lawyers Group in relation to the Mong Kok Riot Sentencing)

法政匯思對於 2016 年旺角暴動案中三名被告就其角色而被判處的刑期十分關注。三名被告分別被判處三年半至七年等長期的監禁。(The Progressive Lawyers Group is deeply concerned by the recent conviction of three activists for their role in the 2016 Mong Kok riot. )

全球法律團體聯合聲明 — 強烈譴責中國政府以吊銷、註銷律師執業證之手段持續打壓維權律師 (Joint Statement to Strongly Condemn the Chinese Government’s Suppression against Human Rights Lawyers through Revocation and Invalidation of Lawyers’ Licenses)

(Scroll down for English version) 全球法律團體聯合聲明 — 強烈譴責中國政府以吊銷、註銷律師執業證之手段持續打壓維權律師 自2015年7月爆發轟動全球的「709大抓捕」起,中國政府打壓維權律師的行動已持續近三年。雖已接近尾聲,但打壓行動並未停止,而是從「刑事抓捕」轉變為更為隱秘的「行政懲戒」——即直接吊銷或註銷維權律師的執業證,剝奪維權律師的執業權。[1]據我們觀察,在最近8個月內,全中國已有17名維權律師及3間事務所陸續被吊銷或註銷執業證。對此,我們表示強烈譴責,並認為,中國政府的做法已嚴重違反中國憲法、律師法及國際法有關尊重和保障律師執業權利及公民權利的國家義務,中國政府應當立即無條件撤銷對受影響律師作出的吊銷或註銷執業證的各項決定,並停止對維權律師群體的一切管控和打壓。 我們注意到,從去年9月(即十九大前夕)開始,中國當局就已經在全國範圍內開展了新的一輪針對維權律師的打壓行動,並且愈演愈烈。在過去8個月時間裡,全中國共有9個省份的17名維權律師及3間律師事務所被吊銷或註銷執業證;僅過去一個月內,就有包括謝燕益、李和平、黃思敏丶文東海、楊金柱、覃永沛等在內的6名維權律師收到司法局發出的擬吊銷或註銷執業證的通知書;而廣西唯一一所維權律師事務所「百舉鳴律師事務所」,則更是被南寧司法局在其辦公場所強逼解散。儘管中國政府對外宣稱召開聽證會、給予律師申辯機會,但聽證程序卻極為不公開、不透明,救濟途徑形同虛設。而就在不久前召開的謝燕益律師的聽證會外,一名香港記者甚至被警方圍毆和非法扣留。[2] 同時,這一輪針對維權律師的吊牌運動,亦是「709大抓捕」的延續。在這17名被吊銷或註銷執業證的維權律師中,有超過一半是「709大抓捕」的涉案律師或涉案律師的辯護人,前者包括隋牧青、周世鋒、李春富、謝燕益、李和平等,後者包括余文生、文東海、楊金柱、覃永沛等。打壓前者,目的是要把維權律師群體的核心力量連根拔起;打壓後者,則是要把709抗爭運動中出現的後繼力量徹底剷除。 另外,我們亦注意到,中國政府正在以「行政懲戒」之名,行管控律師網路言論之實。儘管中國《憲法》第35條和聯合國《關於律師作用的基本原則》第23條均保障律師享有言論自由,且不應因其言論而遭受處罰,但如祝聖武、吳有水、余文生、楊金柱等律師都因為在網上公開批評中國共產黨及中國司法制度,而遭當局懲戒;玉品健律師則因他多次於網上撰文評論時政,而被當局向其事務所施壓並要求解雇;另外亦有彭永和、王龍德、王理乾等律師因為公開聲明退出律師協會,遭到報復而被註銷或吊銷執照。[3][4]由此可見,中國政府聲稱的「依法治國」只是欺騙世人的幌子,目的是企圖合理化其以言入罪、打壓異己的手段。我們注意到,前公安部副部長傅政華於今年3月開始擔任司法部部長,我們擔心未來局勢只會更加惡劣。 因此,我們強烈要求中國政府: 1. 立即無條件撤銷對受影響律師作出的各吊銷、註銷執照的各項決定; 2. 停止對維權律師群體的一切管控和打壓,確保律師不會因其代理的案件或發表的言論受到恫嚇、妨礙、不適當的干涉,或者起訴和行政制裁; 3. 切實遵守中國《憲法》、《律師法》及聯合國《關於律師作用的基本原則》有關保障律師權利的規定,尊重律師的執業權利及公民權利。 發起團體: 中國維權律師關注組,香港 聯署團體: Human Rights Now,日本 律師助律師基金會,荷蘭 法政匯思,香港 臺灣聲援中國人權律師網絡,臺灣 臺北律師公會人權委員會,臺灣 日內瓦律師協會,瑞士 2018年6月6日 [1]根據《律師執業管理辦法》第23條,與所在律師事務所解除聘用合同,且在六個月內未被其他律師事務所聘用的律師,其律師執業證書將被註銷。儘管從法律層面講,註銷與吊銷性質不同,但過往經驗顯示,註銷的法律效果實質上與吊銷相同,律師一般都無法重新申請執業。 [2]https://hk.news.appledaily.com/…/…/article/20180520/20396145 [3]《中華人民共和國憲法》第35條:「中華人民共和國公民有言論、出版、集會、結社、遊行、示威的自由。」 [4]聯合國《關於律師作用的基本原則》第23條:「與其他公民一樣,律師也享有言論、信仰、結社和集會的自由。.....」 ------------------------------------- Joint Statement to Strongly Condemn the Chinese Government’s Suppression against Human Rights Lawyers through Revocation and Invalidation of Lawyers’ … Continue reading 全球法律團體聯合聲明 — 強烈譴責中國政府以吊銷、註銷律師執業證之手段持續打壓維權律師 (Joint Statement to Strongly Condemn the Chinese Government’s Suppression against Human Rights Lawyers through Revocation and Invalidation of Lawyers’ Licenses)

國歌法聯合聲明 (Joint Statement on Local Legislation for the National Anthem Law)

我們是一群對《國歌法》本地立法存有極大憂慮的團體。2017年內地《國歌法》在香港社會的爭議聲中列入《基本法》附件三後,政制事務局早前公布本地立法的《國歌條例草案》建議條文內容概要(下稱「條文概要」)及召開公聽會作所謂「收集意見」。雖然政制局局長聶德權多次表示市民無需過度擔心立法,但綜觀整份建議條文及政府近月的回應,均無法解答及釋除我們對《國歌法》本地立法的各種問題及疑慮。(Click for English version)

Joint Submission of 53 NGOs in Hong Kong to the UN Human Rights Council

The Centre for Comparative and Public Law at The University of Hong Kong, along with Progressive Lawyers Group, Hong Kong Human Rights Monitor and Hong Kong Unison, coordinated a Joint Submission of 53 NGOs in Hong Kong to the UN Human Rights Council as part of the Council’s third cycle of its Universal Periodic Review (UPR). 

一地兩檢條例草案懶人包 (Info kit on the Co-location Bill)

政府近日於立法會提交《廣深港高鐵(一地兩檢)條例草案》,標誌著「三步走」的最後一步正式展開。法政匯思教你看懂條例草案如何違憲。 (The Government has recently tabled the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (Co-location) Bill in Legco. This is the last step in the "Three-Step Process" of implementing co-location. In this info kit, we set out why we think the Bill is unconstitutional.)

聯合國普遍定期審議 (UN Universal Periodic Review)

香港人權狀況每況愈下,Justice Centre Hong Kong等共45個公民團體(包括法政匯思)向聯合國提交意見書,以引起國際社會關注,促使港府改善香港人權狀況,以保「亞洲國際都會」聲譽。(Civil groups are voicing out their concern with the increasing erosion of fundamental freedoms in Hong Kong. Under the leadership of Justice Centre Hong Kong, 45 (including the Progressive Lawyers Group) have joined hands together in a submission to the United Nations, holding the Hong Kong government accountable to its human rights commitments.)

法政匯思就《廣深港高鐵(一地兩檢)條例草案》的陳述書 (Submission on Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (Co-location) Bill)

我們維持我們的看法——即政府提出的一地兩檢安排,將無可避免地違反基本法。(We maintain our view that the co-location arrangement will inevitably violate the Basic Law.)

法政匯思就近來抨擊戴耀廷之聲明 (Statement Regarding Recent Remarks on Benny Tai Yiu-Ting)

法政匯思就香港特區政府、建制派政團及媒體對香港大學法律系副教授戴耀廷(下稱「戴教授」)於2018 年3 月24 日在台灣發表的言論,作出毫無根據的指控深表不安。(The Progressive Lawyers Group is deeply troubled by the groundless accusations levelled against Mr. Benny Tai Yiu-ting, associate law professor at the University of Hong Kong, by the Hong Kong Government, other pro-establishment political groups and media over comments given by Professor Tai at a seminar in Taiwan on 24th March 2018.)

法政匯思就選舉主任取消被提名人立法會補選資格之聲明 (Statement on the Disqualification of Nominees in the 2018 Legislative Council By-election)

法政匯思對於政府任意妄為地利用選舉規例,並以某些參選人的政治聯繫及政治立場為由取消其資格感到非常擔憂。該決定踐踏了香港永久性居民參與選舉、投票和自由言論的基本權利。我們強烈呼籲政府確保任何有關參選人提名的決定,都能夠切實有效地保障這些基本權利。(PLG is gravely concerned by the capricious use of electoral regulations to disqualify certain candidates on the basis of their political affiliations and political stance. The Decision has trampled on the fundamental rights of Hong Kong permanent residents to stand for election, to vote, and to engage in free speech. We strongly call upon the Government to ensure that any decision regarding the nomination of candidates gives real and effective protection to such fundamental rights.)

法政匯思就人大常委會關於「一地兩檢」決定的聲明 (Statement on the Decision of NPCSC on the “Co-Location” Arrangement)

就全國人民代表大會常務委員會於2017年12月27日通過「一地兩檢」合作安排的決定,法政匯思有以下回應 (The Progressive Lawyers Group (“PLG”) responds as follows in relation to the decision made by the NPCSC on the “Co-Location” Arrangement on 27 December 2017).

法政匯思就有關高速鐵路香港段一地兩檢安排的陳述書 (Submission on Express Rail Link Co-Location Arrangement)

政府最近宣佈其就内地-香港高速鐵路香港段的邊境管制安排及管轄權事宜的方案。簡單而言,政府建議於西九龍站設置邊境及海關管制設施的一地兩檢安排,及内地在西九龍站若干範圍內及所有運作列車上擁有刑事管轄權。 法政匯思認為該建議明顯及直接違反《基本法》的多項條款,特別是第17、18、19及22條。 就政府方案如何違反《基本法》的詳細分析,詳見中文版完整陳述書。(The Government has recently announced its proposal on the border control arrangements and jurisdictional matters in relation to the Mainland-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (“XRL”). In short, the Government proposes a co-location arrangement of border and customs control facilities at West Kowloon Station and the Mainland to have criminal jurisdiction to be exercised at some areas of West Kowloon Station and on all operating trains. The Progressive Lawyers Group (“PLG”) is of the view that such proposal is in clear and direct contravention of numerous provisions of the Basic Law, in particular, Articles 17, 18, 19 and 22. For the detailed analysis of how the Government's proposal violates the Basic Law, please read further.)

法政匯思就「反新界東北」及「926重奪公民廣場」刑期覆核裁決聲明 (Statement in response to recent Court of Appeal sentencing reviews)

於2017年8月15及17日,上訴庭分別就律政司提出「反新界東北」及「926重奪公民廣場」案件的刑期作出覆核,改判「反新界東北」案的13名被告人8至13 個月監禁及「926重奪公民廣場」案的黃之峰、羅冠聰及周永康三人6至8個月監禁,法政匯思對此裁決深感悲痛。(Upon the Secretary for Justice’s applications, the Court of Appeal this week reviewed the sentences for thirteen participants in the anti-northeast New Territories development protests and three prominent student leaders—Joshua Wong, Nathan Law and Alex Chow—involved in the re-taking of the Civic Square. The Court of Appeal overruled the original sentences in both cases and imposed eight to thirteen months of imprisonment on the thirteen protesters and six to eight months of imprisonment on the three student leaders. The Progressive Lawyers Group ("PLG") is deeply aggrieved by these judgments.)

鉛水風波修例建議 (Law Reform after the “Lead-contamination Water Saga”)

發展局接納部分由法政匯思及前線科技人員就《2017年水務設施(修訂)規例》提出的聯合建議,將會提交修訂予立法會通過。

英年早逝的曉波兄 (Liu Xiaobo’s Shortened Yet Noble Life)

中國人權份子、《零八憲章》作者之一、2010諾貝爾和平獎得主、良心犯劉曉波先生剛剛與世長辭,享年61歲。(Mr Liu Xiaobo, a Chinese human rights activist, co-author of Charter 08, 2010 Nobel Peace Prize winner and prisoner of conscience, has just passed away at the age of 61.)

對於《2017年水務設施(修訂)規例》 之聯合陳述書和擬議修正案 (Waterworks (Amendment) Regulations 2017 – Joint Submissions and Proposed Amendments)

政府因應啟晴邨鉛水風波而提出的《2017年水務設施(修訂)規例》草案,現於立法會進行辯論。法政匯思及前線科技人員就此聯合提交建議修訂草案,就水務監督的酌情權加以限制,並提出其他建議。(In addressing the concern over water safety after the Kai Ching Estate Incident, the Government has proposed Waterworks (Amendment) Regulation 2017 which is under debate in LegCo. Progressive Lawyers Group and Frontline Tech Workers Group have jointly proposed amendments to the Regulation, including restricting the wide discretionary power of Water Authority and other recommendations.)

Response to Zhang Dejiang’s and Rao Geping’s Speeches in Relation to the 20th Anniversary of the Implementation of the Basic Law (法政匯思回應張德江及饒戈平有關基本法實施20周年的講話)

Zhang Dejiang, Chairman of the National People’s Congress and Rao Geping, Chinese representative member of the Basic Law Committee have recently and respectively made important speeches in relation to the 20th anniversary of the implementation of the Basic Law. The Progressive Lawyers Group (“PLG”) is deeply disturbed by some of the contents of these speeches, believing that they are in contradiction to the “One Country, Two Systems” framework stipulated by the Basic Law.

《2017 年水務設施(修訂)條例草案》 意見書

法政匯思從食水安全的角度出發,審視發展局於 2017 年 3 月 29 日就《水務設施條例》提出的修訂。在綜觀有關的修訂後,法政匯思認為是次發展局所提出的修訂,實為非常倉促,沒有經過詳細考慮,更沒有從食水安全和市民健康的角度出發。法政匯思對於香港的食水安全問題,仍然感到非常憂心。

法政匯思就近日就法院判決對司法機構的抨擊之聲明 (Statement of the Progressive Lawyers Group in relation to recent attacks on the judiciary following a recent court ruling)

域法院近日就七名警員襲擊佔中示威者的控罪作出判決及判刑之後,該案件的主審法官及整體司法機構均遭受一連串不合理的抨擊。 除了法官被蔑稱為「狗官」之外,亦有惡意批評暗示該案之主審法官及司法機構因政治立場而偏頗判案。

短評:關於青年新政及香港民族黨年宵攤位被取消一事 (Short Commentary in relation to the Termination of the Stalls of Youngspiration and the Hong Kong National Party in the Lunar New Year Fair)

青年新政及香港民族黨於2017 年 1 月17 日及 18日,分別接獲食物環境衛生署(下稱「署方」)書面通知其維多利亞公園年宵攤位的特許協議已被署方單方面終止(下稱「通知」)。如果署方沒有確實的證據,證明於年宵攤位售賣或擺放的貨品/物品,以及進行的活動有可能危及公共秩序及安全;或證明持相反意見者,確實會作出危及公共秩序及安全的行為,署方的決定難免引起公眾質疑,並視之為政治打壓,實屬不智。

法政匯思意見書:強烈譴責人大釋法 為政治目的濫用解釋權 (Submissions in relation to the Interpretation by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on 7 November 2016)

On 7 November 2016, the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress (“NPCSC”), in purported exercise of its powers under Article 158 of the Basic Law, issued an interpretation in relation to Article 104 of the Basic Law (“the Interpretation”).  2. This is the fifth time the NPCSC has interpreted the Basic Law. In summary, and as further explained below, the Progressive Lawyers Group’s submissions on the Interpretation are set out in this statement.