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澳洲國會現正就針對侵犯人權人士的制裁措施(即Magnitsky sanctions「馬格尼茨基制裁」)進行公眾諮詢。

法政匯思較早前就此公眾諮詢遞交了陳述書,明確地指出澳洲應實施馬格尼茨基制裁的理據。一旦建議成為澳洲法律,世界各地曾侵犯人權的政府官員則可能被澳洲經濟制裁(例如凍結資產)及禁止入境。

首先,我們的陳述書描述了全球民主國家紛紛就馬格尼茨基制裁立法的趨勢。透過涵蓋美國、加拿大、英國、歐盟及其他國家的個案分析,我們亦指出了澳洲現時制裁制度的不足之處,並申述馬格尼茨基法案將如何協助澳洲實踐其保障人權方面的努力。

同時,我們亦促請澳洲國會關注香港的人權問題,包括警方過度使用武力並無力處理親中黑幫的襲擊、民主派侯選人遭受政治篩選、中共透過經濟壓力進行白色恐怖,以及日益惡化的新聞自由。

按此閱覽陳述書全文: https://tinyurl.com/tdom7bk

有關該公眾諮詢的更多詳情,請瀏覽澳洲國會的網站:https://www.aph.gov.au/…/Foreign_Affairs_Defen…/MagnitskyAct

The Australian Parliament is currently holding an inquiry into the use of targeted sanctions (commonly known as “Magnitsky” sanctions) to address human rights abuses.

The Progressive Lawyers Group has made written submissions to the inquiry, setting out clear and compelling reasons for Australia to implement Magnitsky-style sanctions. These would include financial sanctions (such as the freezing of assets) and travel bans against government officials who have committed human rights abuses.

In our submissions, we highlighted the growing trend of democratic countries around the world adopting Magnitsky sanctions. By drawing on the experience of the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, the European Union (and other countries), we highlighted the gaps in Australia’s existing sanctions regime and provided recommendations on how Magnitsky sanctions could improve Australia’s commitment to defending human rights.

We also drew the Australian Parliament’s attention to the numerous human rights problems in Hong Kong, including the excessive use of force by the Hong Kong police; the failure of Hong Kong police to deal with attacks committed by pro-Beijing thugs; the political screening of candidates from the pro-democracy camp; the ‘white terror’ imposed by way of economic pressure; and the deterioration of press freedom.

PDF link to our submissions: https://tinyurl.com/tdom7bk

For more information on the inquiry, see the Australian Parliament’s website: https://www.aph.gov.au/…/Foreign_Affairs_Defen…/MagnitskyAct