人大釋法「未審結先判案」,北京部署「借誓而噬」

11月7日,香港經歷了九七回歸以來第五次「人大釋法」。全國人大常委會以155票全票通過,解釋香港《基本法》第104條條文內容。然而,相關的司法覆核案件未「未審結」,人大釋法已「先判案」,而它的矛頭直指主權與政治效忠。 人大正式釋法前一夜,11月6日晚上,部分示威者參加香港民間人權陣線發起的反釋法遊行後,突然轉到中聯辦示威。跟警察一輪衝突後,示威者紛紛走到德輔道西,佔據全部行車線,與警方對峙。

法政匯思與十五個民主專業團體在蘋果日報與明報就人大釋法登廣告 (The Progressive Lawyers Group and 15 other pro-democracy professional groups placed ads in Apple Daily and Mingpao today in relation to the NPCSC interpretation)

法政匯思與十五個民主專業團體在蘋果日報與明報就人大釋法登廣告 The Progressive Lawyers Group and 15 other pro-democracy professional groups placed ads in Apple Daily and Mingpao today in relation to the NPCSC interpretation

法政匯思與人大釋法:要詳細法律分析有詳細法律分析•要FAQ有FAQ (The Progressive Lawyers Group and the NPCSC Interpretation: Detailed Legal Analysis & FAQs)

近幾日(特別是在人大釋法昨日頒佈後),法政匯思有十多個法律界成員日以繼夜、不眠不休地為大家就人大釋法議題預備了(1)中文(請看以下連結)與英文版的詳細法律分析書;及(2)中文(請看以下連結)與英文版而較簡短的FAQ;。簡單來說,我們認為:

人大釋法 FAQs (FAQs regarding the Interpretation by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on 7 November 2016)

What are the NPCSC’s powers of interpretation of the Basic Law?

Article 67(4) of the PRC Constitution and Article 158(1) of the Basic Law gives NPCSC has a freestanding and plenary power of interpretation of the Basic Law. This was also confirmed in the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal case of Lau Kong Yung v Director of Immigration (1999) 2 HKCFAR 300.

However, this power should be sparingly used. Both the Hong Kong Bar Association and the Law Society of Hong Kong have in the past consistently called on the NPCSC to use this power with great restraint, as this would give rise to concerns about the rule of law and judicial independence.

法政匯思意見書:強烈譴責人大釋法 為政治目的濫用解釋權 (Submissions in relation to the Interpretation by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on 7 November 2016)

On 7 November 2016, the Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress (“NPCSC”), in purported exercise of its powers under Article 158 of the Basic Law, issued an interpretation in relation to Article 104 of the Basic Law (“the Interpretation”). 

2. This is the fifth time the NPCSC has interpreted the Basic Law. In summary, and as further explained below, the Progressive Lawyers Group’s submissions on the Interpretation are set out in this statement.